How to write effective reports


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Reports are often used to present information, data, or results of a certain activity, study, or event. Reports help readers better understand the current situation, offer solutions, evaluate or suggest improvements.

Common types of reports

Common types of reports

In the process of working and studying, you will encounter many cases where you need to take notes and collect data to present to your lecturers/supervisors for your subject or project. There will be different types of reports, depending on its purpose and application area. We often encounter categories including:

  1. Financial Statement: This is an important and common type of report that provides detailed information about the financial position of the business. Includes information about the income, profit, assets, liabilities and capital of the business for a certain period of time.
  2. Market research reports: Helps evaluate and research the market to identify potential markets and make decisions regarding business and marketing strategy. Content includes analyzes such as SWOT analysis, competitive area analysis, and customer analysis.
  3. Project progress report: An important job in project management, helping to monitor and evaluate progress in a certain period of time. Include completed and remaining goals, employee productivity, required resources, project costs, and follow-up work.
  4. Production report: Used to evaluate the production situation of the enterprise, including information on output, product quality, progress and other production performance indicators. This document helps managers evaluate the production performance of the enterprise and make decisions to improve production operations.
  5. Personnel reports: Used to manage information about the company's employees, including information about job titles, employee profiles, employment status, policies and training programs , staff development. 
  6. Marketing Report: Made for studying the marketing activities of the business, including advertising strategies, market analysis, product development, customer growth, branding, and campaigns other marketing.
  7. The final report is a document that summarizes and provides an overview of a student's performance in that subject. The content is information about the subject, the projects implemented in the learning process, group and individual assessment.
  8. Internship report is a document that summarizes and evaluates the results of a student's internship at an organization, enterprise, or agency. The internship report should be written in a concise manner and provide sufficient information about the content, purpose, work situation and experiences learned during the internship.

All these types of reports are intended to provide detailed and complete information about a particular aspect of the business/individual. They are used to evaluate effectiveness in operations, in research, in personnel management, and to summarize performance.

Related information: Standard report template, most commonly used

The value of reporting in work and life

It is a powerful tool for monitoring and evaluating business activities, research and problem solving. At work, reports are used to monitor work progress, evaluate results and make important decisions in the strategy and commercial activities of the business. 

Reports provide useful value

In life, reports are also very useful to monitor and manage finances, promote growth and personalize personal development, thereby identifying problems and finding suitable solutions. 

How to write an effective report

When you have taken on a project or subject, at the end of time, you need a document reporting the results, implementation process, statistics of the items. Please note the following information to be able to write a complete, effective and highly appreciated report: 

  1. Defining the purpose: You need to define the purpose of the report, such as an organizational performance assessment, work plan, research output, or learning assessment.

  2. Information collection and synthesis: You need to collect and synthesize information necessary to meet the purpose of the report, including figures, data, documents, ..

  3. Define structure: You need to define the information including title, table of contents, introduction, main body, conclusion and references. This job helps you filter information, search data and not be rambling.

  4. Write a report: You need to write in a concise, clear, logical way and provide the necessary information and data to explain the content of the report.

  5. Use tables and charts: Designing tables and charts is a useful tool for presenting information in a clear and readable manner. Readers will be bored if the information is only full of text without a map to prove the data.

  6. Provide accurate information and cite sources: It is necessary to update the latest information and data and ensure accuracy, in addition, citing the source material for the subject is a way of representing that you have research and put your heart into it.

When you apply the above skills, you can write an effective and persuasive complete report for your work and life. However, writing effective reports requires many skills and processes to implement. Following the process and using effective tools will help you write more concise, clear and readable reports.

Related information:

The basic structure of a marketing plan

Steps to plan a business website

Typical projects


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